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The brief analysis of the existence of the problem Chinese m
作者:暂无    发布于:2015/1/6
 

At present, the main problems of our country's basic pieces of machinery industry:

One is the repeated construction is serious, the low degree of specialization, can not form scale, poor economic benefit

Compared with the host machine components, the enterprises to establish the initial capital and technology inputs required relatively few, therefore in the national economic development period, have increased the number of basic parts production enterprises, also emerged a large number of low-level duplicate construction, points, small batch, not form economies of scale. Basic pieces of business, while gradually independent of the OE, but most of the business itself is large and small but complete, low degree of specialization, the equipment level is not high, unstable quality, low economic benefit. Such as the three large-scale backbone enterprises with an annual output of bearings bearing industry in our country is not the sum to a well-known foreign company 50. In recent years, our country to build hundreds of hydraulic parts factory, but the annual output of more than 300000 only a few, mainly agricultural products is supporting. The annual output of Germany Rexroth hydraulic parts products 1300000, Japan Yuken has an annual output of more than 600000 pieces of. Industrial mold companies in developed countries per capita output of about 150000 to 200000 US dollars, China's only 40000 ~ 50000 yuan. In recent years, with a variety of common ownership of development policies, basic parts industry is experiencing a gradual concentration of intensive development process from scattered to the.

Two is the research and development is weak, insufficient capital investment, technological progress is slow

Basic pieces of various industries in twentieth Century 70 at the end of the 1930s, the early 80's to early introduction of a number of advanced foreign technology, but the digestion and absorption of the lack of adequate hardware and software investment. According to foreign experience, the introduction of technology and funds needed for digestion and absorption ratio is about 1:7, and are familiar with our country's late, slow digestion and absorption steps. The market competition is actually a technical strength contest. Have attached great importance to foreign, have increased investment, advanced technology. Major well-known company for research and development funds account for its sales of 4 ~ 5, 10 focus areas. Although China has engaged in research work in some colleges and universities, a lot of theoretical research, scientific research, patent papers have a very high level, but combined with the actual production is not tight, especially into commodities slow.

Three is the raw materials and related technology behind the low level of technology and technological equipment, hampered the development of basic parts

Using the fasteners, chains, springs, bearings, dies and other products of steel of poor quality, specifications less directly affects the quality of the basic parts products, while the hydraulic pressure casting and electronic control technology related with product quality hydraulic components is backward, but also directly affect the quality and reliability of hydraulic components. Mechanical parts are generally based on batch and mass production, there are many varieties, high precision machining products, and therefore requires high technology and equipment production, large investment. Foreign use more efficient high-precision plane, production lines or flexible line, efficient automated production. But some basic pieces of our business by financial constraints, investment is not large, corporate self transformation ability is poor, less advanced equipment not matching, affecting the quality of the product grade.

Comprehensive analysis, is the main reason causing the above problem:

1 enterprises weak foundation

Because our country basic pieces of machinery industry foundation is poor, weak economic foundation, science and technology into a small, development is weak, can not adapt to the host introduce, joint venture, cooperation of industry needs, the rapid development of basic pieces of machinery, resulting in the domestic market share has declined.

The 2 countries lack the basic parts of the machinery industry strong policy support

Although countries in the industrial policy, a clear focus to support the important basic pieces of machinery, but the lack of corresponding policy support, such as the mold industry, the heavy tax burden, enjoy the value-added part of the return of the enterprise, fewer than 100, too narrow, limited role, but also policies to support.

Therefore, in order to improve China's basic pieces of machinery products in the market competition ability, better meet the demand on the basis of pieces of supporting domestic China machinery industry, basic parts industry in China is expected to face further adjustments to the integration advantages of resources, eliminate backward enterprises. In the next 5 to 10 years, the industry will in the development of brand products and famous brand enterprises, carry out technological innovation, improve the ability of the domestic and international market competition and strengthen collection intensive management and strive to have greater progress and breakthroughs.

In order to improve China's basic pieces of machinery products in the market competition ability, better meet the demand on the basis of pieces of supporting domestic China machinery industry, basic parts industry in China is expected to face further adjustment, to integrate the advantages of resources, eliminate backward enterprises.

Because of the important position of China on the basis of mechanical parts in mechanical industry familiar with the late, long-term lack of investment, leading the entire industry foundation is poor, weak, weak strength. Especially with our host level, the phenomenon of bottleneck machine parts behind the host appears day by day. In recent years, although the introduction of technology, technological renovation, scientific research and development, the country has given some support, but with the current market demand and the level of foreign countries, there is still not a small gap, in particular in: less product variety, low level, unstable quality, early high failure rate, poor reliability.

The basic parts of China's machinery products varieties, specifications less, especially high-grade product difference is bigger, can not meet the growing needs of the host. At present, various pieces of the host based performance index is roughly equivalent to the level in twentieth Century 80 foreign. The quality is not stable, early high failure rate, poor reliability, is basis of the fatal weakness. Therefore, don't Rate is high, poor reliability, is basis of the fatal weakness. Therefore, many OEMs to improve the market competitiveness of its host, often choose to import basic parts support, resulting in domestic infrastructure components, especially low tech products, the domestic market share has declined. Although there are obvious advantages in China's exports of basic items, but mainly labor-intensive products, the number of large, low value, low added value of technology.

 
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